BBC: In 1976, two years after India’s first nuclear test explosion, Canada banned the trade of nuclear materials with India. In 2010 the two nations signed a deal to allow private companies to export nuclear fuel from Canada to India. However, finalization of the deal was delayed by disputes over how the fuel would be supervised in India. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said the agreement would strengthen the Canadian mining and nuclear industries. And Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that Canada would be a primary fuel supplier for India’s growing nuclear power program. Increasing modernization and growth in India has led to an increased need for electricity. The country hopes to build 30 new reactors and to obtain a quarter of its energy from nuclear power by 2050.